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Google™ Scholar. Otros documentos del autor: Lopes, Carlos
Título : Qualidade de serviço em bibliotecas universitárias: desenvolvimento e validação de um instrumento de avaliação
Autor(es) : Lopes, Carlos
Director(es) : Frías Montoya, José Antonio
Palabras clave : Calidad
Bibliotecas universitarias
Centros de Documentación
Evaluación
Medición
Servicios bibliotecarios
Servqual
Libqual
Tesis y disertaciones académicas
Universidad de Salamanca (España)
Academic dissertations
Clasificación UNESCO: Materias::Investigación::57 Lingüística::5701 Lingüística aplicada::570106 Documentación
Fecha de publicación : 27-jul-2012
Resumen : O estudo da avaliação da qualidade de serviço em bibliotecas universitárias tem conhecido grande interesse no seio da Biblioteconomia e Documentação. A preocupação prende-se com a importância para os profissionais da informação de serem capazes de avaliar o serviço que é prestado do ponto de vista do utilizador, de forma a mobilizar recursos, planear novos serviços e gerar soluções face às necessidades pressentidas. Para avaliar a qualidade de serviço no contexto das bibliotecas universitárias, torna-se necessário, antes de mais, compreender os elementos da qualidade de serviço e a interacção destes elementos na perspectiva do utilizador. Pretendemos analisar o modo como os utilizadores potenciais de uma biblioteca universitária avaliam a qualidade dos serviços prestados. O ponto de partida da problemática do nosso estudo procurou responder a duas questões: - Quais as dimensões que os utilizadores potenciais elegem para avaliar a qualidade de serviço de uma biblioteca universitária? - Quais as dimensões da qualidade de uma biblioteca universitária com impacto na qualidade global percebida pelos utilizadores? Os objectivos gerais do estudo foram em primeiro lugar: (a) construir uma escala para medir a qualidade de serviço prestado por uma biblioteca universitária, segundo a percepção dos seus utilizadores; (b) testar a dimensionalidade da escala; e (c) por último, identificar, por um lado, quais os atributos considerados relevantes pelos utilizadores na percepção da qualidade global dos serviços de uma biblioteca universitária e, por outro lado, de que modo é avaliada a qualidade desses serviços e quais as variáveis diferenciais que os caracterizam. O estudo envolveu várias fases: (a) foram recolhidos itens na literatura; (b) realizaram-se sete grupos de discussão com estudantes e docentes; (c) elaborou-se um questionário contendo 29 itens; (d) estudo piloto para obter a versão final da escala; e (e) validação do instrumento de avaliação. Um segundo objectivo centrou-se na análise da influência das variáveis frequência e tempo de utilização dos serviços na avaliação da qualidade por parte dos utilizadores, seguido de uma análise das características sócio-demográficas dos estudantes e sua influência na avaliação da qualidade de serviço. Como terceiro objectivo, pretendemos analisar o modo como a perspectiva do utilizador diferencia os professores dos alunos na qualidade de serviço percebida. Por último, efectuámos a análise do modo como as dimensões da qualidade de serviço afectam a qualidade global percebida.
[EN] The evaluation study of the quality of service in academic libraries has seen great interest in the Library and Documentation fields. The concern relates to the importance for information professionals to be able to evaluate the service that is provided from the point of view of the user, in order to mobilize resources, to plan new services and to generate solutions to the needs envisioned. To evaluate the quality of service in the context of the academic libraries, first of all it is necessary to understand the quality of service elements and the interaction of these elements in the user perspective. We intend to examine how potential users in an academic library evaluate the quality of services provided. The starting point of our study should answer these two questions: - Which are the dimensions that potential users elect to evaluate the quality of service of an academic library? - Which are the quality dimensions of an academic library with impact on the overall quality perceived by users? The main goals of the study were in the first place: (a) to build a scale to measure the quality of service provided by an academic library as perceived by its users, (b) to test the scale dimensionality, and (c) finally to identify, first, which are the attributes that users considered relevant for the quality perception of the services of an academic library and, on the other hand, how is it evaluated the quality of these services and which are the differential variables that characterize them. This study involved several phases: (a) we collected items in the literature, (b) we held seven focus groups with students and teachers, (c) we developed a questionnaire containing 29 items, (d) a pilot study was made for the final version of the scale, finalizing with (e) the validation of the evaluation instrument. A second goal focused on the analysis of the influence of the variables frequency and duration when the users are using services evaluated by their quality, followed by an analysis of socio-demographic characteristics of students and their influence on the evaluation of quality of service. As a third goal, we intend to examine how the user's perspective differentiates teachers to students when they perceived quality of service. Finally, we conducted an analysis of how the dimensions of quality of service affect the perceived overall quality. The study involved 594 potential users, consisting of students and teachers from an university of Lisbon, Portugal. We had a factorial structure of five dimensions: direct relationship with the user, collections, new technologies, access and reliability. Validation studies have shown good psychometric properties of their respective scale and multidimensionality. The results suggest that users with a medium and high frequency of use of services evaluate the two dimensions, Relationship with the User and Access, more positively than users with low utilization. The results also suggest that users with a time of high and medium use of services evaluate more positively the quality dimension of service Relationship with the User and Global Quality that users who have a shorter duration of use. In the dimension Collections, users with a medium use of services evaluate more positively comparing with the users with high use of services. It was found, for the second goal, that the gender effects translated into a different and positive perception by male students in Relationship dimension comparing with the female students. The age groups of students introduce differences in the perception of quality of service; the younger students differentiate themselves more positively on dimensions Collections and New Technologies compared with the other two age groups; the opposite occurs in the Relationship and Global Quality dimensions. Analyzing the students’ course, we found significant differences in Access dimension between the Psychology and Rehabilitation courses with a more positive evaluation facing the Community Development course. In Relationship dimension, the studies cycle presents a significant difference between the postgraduate students compared to the initial cycle students. Finally, in dimensions New Technologies and Global Quality the results of years of course indicate a lower evaluation of quality of service perceived by the students who attend the 5th year comparing with the 4th, 3rd, 2nd, and 1st year course students; the students of 5th year also differ in two dimensions: Reliability, compared to the fourth grade, and Relationship with the User, compared to the 1st year. Under the user perspective, and comparing with the students, the results showed that teachers present a more favorable perception regarding the dimensions Relationship with the User, New Technologies, Access, Reliability and Global Quality. The results produced by the model of relations, tested through structural equation models, suggest that the Global Quality is predominantly affected by the dimensions of quality of service: Relationship with the User and Collections. The results seem to allow a set of actions within the quality management framework to be taken by the responsible of the information unit in the sense of improving the quality of service and according to the five dimensions indicated, with the nuclear dimensions: Relationship with the User and Collections.
Descripción : Qualidade de serviço em bibliotecas universitárias : desenvolvimento e validação de um instrumento de avaliação / Carlos Alberto Cardoso Paiva Lopes ; dirigido por el Dr. D. José Antonio Frías Montoya. Salamanca : [Universidad de Salamanca], 2006.XXII, 383 p.
URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10366/116006
Aparece en las colecciones: DBD. Tesis del Departamento de Biblioteconomía y Documentación
TD. Ciencias sociales

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