Fission yeast Ags1 confers the essential septum strength needed for safe gradual cell abscission
Biología molecular de microorganismos
2407 Biología celular
2414.10 Micología (levaduras)
2415.01 Biología molecular de microorganismos
Fecha de publicación
Cortés, J.C.G., Sato, M., Muñoz, J., Moreno, M.B., Clemente-Ramos, J.A., Ramos, M., Okada, H., Osumi, M., Durán, A., Ribas, J.C. (2012, August 13). Fission yeast Ags1 confers the essential septum strength needed for safe gradual cell abscission. J. Cell Biol., 198 (4), 637-656
[EN]Fungal cytokinesis requires the assembly of a dividing septum wall. In yeast, the septum has to be selectively digested during the critical cell separation process. Fission yeast cell wall alpha (1-3) glucan is essential, but nothing is known about its localization and function inthe cell wall or about cooperation between the alpha - and beta (1-3) glucan synthases Ags1 and Bgs for cell wall and septum assembly. Here, we generate a physiological Ags1-GFP variant and demonstrate a tight colocalization with Bgs1, suggesting a cooperation in the important early steps of septum construction. Moreover, we define the essential functions of alpha(1-3) glucan in septation and cell separation. We show that alpha (1-3) glucan is essential for both secondary septum formation and the primary septum structural strength needed to support the physical forces of the cell turgor pressure during cell separation. Consequently, the absence of Ags1 and therefore alpha(1-3)glucan generates a special and unique side-explosive cell separation due to an instantaneous primary septum tearing caused by the turgor pressure.