Thermo-economic study of hybrid parabolic dish solar power plants in different regions of Spain
Micro gas turbine
Solar parabolic dish
2212.03 Energía (Física)
Fecha de publicación
Proceedings of ECOS 2019 - the 32nd International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems
[EN]Small-scale hybrid parabolic dish Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) systems coupled to a micro-gas turbine are a promising option to obtain electrical energy in a distributed manner. During the day, solar energy is used to produce electricity and the absence of sunlight can be overcome with the combustion of a fossil or renewable fuel. This study presents the technical feasibility and thermo-economic model of a hybridized power plant in different regions of Spain, considering the local climatic conditions. The implemented model aims to provide a realistic view of the behaviour of the system, using a reduced number of selected parameters with a clear physical meaning. The irreversibilities taking place in all subsystems (solar part, combustion chamber, micro-gas turbine, and the corresponding heat exchangers) have been considered in the model, developed in Mathematica® language. The model considers the instant solar irradiance and ambient temperature dynamically, providing an estimation of the power output, the associated fuel consumption, and the most relevant pollutant emissions (CO2, CH4 and NO2) linked to combustion, for hybrid and combustion only operating modes at selected geographical locations in Spain. The considered power output ranges between 7 to 30 kWe which is achieved by varying the design specifications. The levelized cost of electricity (LCoE) indicator is estimated as a function of investment, interest rate, maintenance and fuel consumption actual costs in Spain. The electricity costs from hybrid parabolic dish are between 22% and 27% lower compared to pure combustion power plant, while specific fuel consumption and therefore CO2 emissions can be reduced up to 33%. This model shows the potential of hybrid solar dishes to become cost-competitive against non-renewable ones from the point of view of electricity costs and significant reduction in gas emission levels in regions with high solar radiation and low water resources.