Trigger Point Dry Needling and Proprioceptive Exercises for the Management of Chronic Ankle Instability: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Trigger Point Dry Needling (TDN)
Chronic Ankle Instability
Fecha de publicación
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
[EN] to proprioceptive/strengthening exercises on pain and function in ankle instability. Methods. Twenty-seven (44% female, mean age: 33 ± 3 years) individuals with unilateral ankle instability were randomly assigned to an experimental group who received proprioceptive/strengthening exercises combined with TrP-DN into the lateral peroneusmuscle and a comparison group receiving the same proprioceptive/strengthening exercise program alone. Outcome included function assessed with the Foot and Ankle AbilityMeasure (FAAM) and ankle pain intensity assessed with a numerical pain rate scale (NPRS). They were captured at baseline and 1-month follow-up after the intervention. Results.TheANOVAs found significant Group ∗ Time Interactions for both subscales of the FAAM (ADL: 𝐹 = 8.211; 𝑃 = 0.008; SPORTS: 𝐹 = 13.943; 𝑃 < 0.001) and for pain (𝐹 = 44.420; 𝑃 < 0.001): patients receiving TrP-DN plus proprioceptive/strengthening exercises experienced greater improvements in function and pain than those receiving the exercise program alone. Between-groups effect sizes were large in all outcomes (SMD > 2.1) in favor of the TrPDN group. Conclusions. This study provides evidence that the inclusion of TrP-DN within the lateral peroneus muscle into a proprioceptive/strengthening exercise programresulted in better outcomes in pain and function 1 month after the therapy in ankle instability.