Percutaneous Closure of Paravalvular Leaks: A Systematic Review
Paravalvular leak (PVL)
Transcatheter aortic valves implantation (TAVI)
Fecha de publicación
Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Cruz-Gonzalez I, Rama-Merchan JC, Calvert PA, Rodríguez-Collado J, Barreiro-Pérez M, Martín-Moreiras J, et al. (2016). Percutaneous closure of paravalvular leaks: a systematic review. Journal of Interventional Cardiology. 2016; 29 (4): 382-92. https://doi.org/10.1111/joic.12295
[EN] Paravalvular leak (PVL) is an uncommon yet serious complication associated with the implantation of mechanical or bioprosthetic surgical valves and more recently recognized with transcatheter aortic valves implantation (TAVI). A significant number of patients will present with symptoms of congestive heart failure or haemolytic anaemia due to PVL and need further surgical or percutaneous treatment. Until recently, surgery has been the only available therapy for the treatment of clinically significant PVLs despite the significant morbidity and mortality associated with re-operation. Percutaneous treatment of PVLs has emerged as a safe and less invasive alternative, with low complication rates and high technical and clinical success rates. However, it is a complex procedure, which needs to be performed by an experienced team of interventional cardiologists and echocardiographers. This review discusses the current understanding of PVLs, including the utility of imaging techniques in PVL diagnosis and treatment, and the principles, outcomes and complications of transcatheter therapy of PVLs. (J Interven Cardiol 2016;29:382–392)
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