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A Spanish-language patient safety questionnaire to measure medical and nursing students' attitudes and knowledge.: Profile on PlumX
Título : A Spanish-language patient safety questionnaire to measure medical and nursing students' attitudes and knowledge.
Autor(es) : Mira, José Joaquín
Navarro, Isabel M.
Guilabert, Mercedes
Poblete, Rodrigo
Franco, Astolfo L.
Jiménez Tello, Pilar
Aquino, Margarita
Fernández-Trujillo, Francisco J.
Lorenzo, Susana
Vitaller, Julián
Aibar, Carlos
Aranaz, Jesús M.
Pedro, José A. De
Palabras clave : Ciencias de la salud
Medicina
Calidad
Lenguaje
Estudiantes
Práctica
Cuestionarios
Fecha de publicación : 2015
Editor : Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS)
Citación : Mira JJ, Navarro IM, Guilabert M, Poblete R, Franco AL, Jiménez P, et al. A Spanish-language patient safety questionnaire to measure medical and nursing students’ attitudes and knowledge. Rev Panam Salud Publica. agosto de 2015;38(2):110-9.
Resumen : [EN] OBJECTIVE: To design and validate a questionnaire for assessing attitudes and knowledge about patient safety using a sample of medical and nursing students undergoing clinical training in Spain and four countries in Latin America. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a literature review was carried out and total of 786 medical and nursing students were surveyed at eight universities from five countries (Chile, Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Spain) to develop and refine a Spanish-language questionnaire on knowledge and attitudes about patient safety. The scope of the questionnaire was based on five dimensions (factors) presented in studies related to patient safety culture found in PubMed and Scopus. Based on the five factors, 25 reactive items were developed. Composite reliability indexes and Cronbach's alpha statistics were estimated for each factor, and confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to assess validity. After a pilot test, the questionnaire was refined using confirmatory models, maximum-likelihood estimation, and the variance-covariance matrix (as input). Multiple linear regression models were used to confirm external validity, considering variables related to patient safety culture as dependent variables and the five factors as independent variables. RESULTS: The final instrument was a structured five-point Likert self-administered survey (the "Latino Student Patient Safety Questionnaire") consisting of 21 items grouped into five factors. Compound reliability indexes (Cronbach's alpha statistic) calculated for the five factors were about 0.7 or higher. The results of the multiple linear regression analyses indicated good model fit (goodness-of-fit index: 0.9). Item-total correlations were higher than 0.3 in all cases. The convergent-discriminant validity was adequate. CONCLUSIONS: The questionnaire designed and validated in this study assesses nursing and medical students' attitudes and knowledge about patient safety. This instrument could be used to indirectly evaluate whether or not students in health disciplines are acquiring and thus likely to put into practice the professional skills currently considered most appropriate for patient safety.
URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10366/130181
ISSN : 1020-4989
Aparece en las colecciones: DDAFP. Artículos del Departamento de Derecho Administrativo, Financiero y Procesal

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