Identification of dimeric anthocyanins and new oligomeric pigments in red wine by means of HPLC-DAD-ESI/MSn
Electrospray mass spectrometry
Flavanol – anthocyanin condensation products
Fecha de publicación
Alcalde-Eon, C., Santos-Buelga, C., Rivas-Gonzalo, J.C., Escribano-Bailón, M.T. (2007). Identification of dimeric anthocyanins and new oligomeric pigments in red wine by means of HPLC-DAD-ESI/MSn. J. Mass Spectrom, 42, 735–748
[EN] High-pressure liquid chromatography-diode array detector-electrospray ionisation/ion trap mass spectrometry (HPLC-DAD-ESI/MSn) analyses carried out in red wine fractions revealed the existence of dimeric anthocyanins (A–A+), previously detected in grape skin, and allowed the detection and identification, for the first time, of other derived oligomers. The structure of these compounds was characterised according to their MSn .n = 1–4/ fragmentation patterns. The newly detected oligomers consisted of flavanol, (epi)catechin or (epi)gallocatechin, linked through its C4 position to the nucleophilic positions of the upper unit of a dimeric anthocyanin (F–A–A+). All the compounds contained malvidin as one of the anthocyanin subunits, whereas the other anthocyanin moiety could be either delphinidin, cyanidin, petunidin, peonidin or malvidin. With the fractionation method employed, the dimeric anthocyanins eluted in the same fractions as the monomeric anthocyanins. However, the new F–A–A+ oligomers were found in the same fractions as F-A+ dimers,which might indicate a structural similarity between both types of compounds. ESI/MSn analyses, coupled or not to HPLC, showed to be a useful and powerful tool for detecting and identifying these oligomers in wines, which usually elute from reversed-phase columns as humps and/or are overlapped by the peaks of other compounds. The detection of these oligomeric pigments in wine has provided more information about the complex pigments responsible for the elevation of the base line observed in the chromatograms of wines and has also revealed that oligomeric anthocyanins can take part in the reactions usually undergone by monomeric anthocyanins. Copyright 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.