White-mica "crystallinity", finite strain and cleavage development across a large Variscan structure, NW Spain
Antiforme del Narcea
Fecha de publicación
Geological Society (Londres, Gran Bretaña)
Gutiérrez Alonso, G. y Nieto, F. (1996). White-mica "crystallinity", finite strain and cleavage development across a large Varisca structure, NW Spain. "Journal of the Geological Society", 153, 287-299.
X-ray diffraction analyses were performed on white-micas, formed under strain and low-grade metamorphic conditions, from sandstones and siltstones along a transect through the Narcea Antiform, a large structure that separates the external from the internal zones of the Variscan belt of NW Spain. The results indicate a close spatial relationship between the onset of metamorphism and the cleavage front. At the cleavage fornt, strain is characterized by oblate ellipsoids that have x0y:z ratios from 1 to 1.5. The x=y:z ratio increases westward (up to 3.0), as does the grade of metamorphism, and is accompanied by and increase in the "crystallinity" index of the white-mica from very low to low metamorphic grade. This increase corresponds qualitativeely to an increase in penetrativeness of the axial planar cleavage. In the western part of Narcea Antiform, the major deformation event was the development of kilometre-scale, reverse shear zones. Because of polyphase deformation, these rocks are not suitable for quantitative strain analysis, but qualitatively, finite strain can be observed to be prolate and invariably larger in this region than in the eastern sector. The metamorphic grade is higher in the western part of the Narcea Antiform, with local maxima occurring next to the base of the shear zones. The bo cell parameter, a semi-quantitative geobaremeter measured in the white-mica, is chaotic in the Eastern sector, showing a clear detrital inheritance. In the western sector it is rational due to complete re-equilibration during thermal resetting. The inverse correlation between finite strain and white-mica "crystallinity" is close, showing that the anchizone-epizone limit can be related to the increase of finite strain above values or Rs = 1.5. The close relation between white-mica "crystaliinity" and strain is suitable for tracking strain variations in extensive fine-grained siliciclastic rocks where no appropiate strain markers are found.
Se estudian las variaciones de la cristalinidad de la mica blanca en las estructuras y deformación interna que afecta a las rocas del Antiforme del Narcea (Orógeno Varisco del NO de España).