The Influence of Reading Purpose on Inference Generation and Comprehension in Reading
Comprehension in Reading
Fecha de publicación
Narvaez, D, Broek, P. Van den y Barrón Ruiz, A. (1999). The Influence of Reading Purpose on Inference Generation and Comprehension in Reading. Journal of Educational Psychology, 91, (3), 488-496
[EN]There are variations in the extent to which particular types of inferences or activations are made during reading (G. McKoon & R. Ratcliff, 1992; M. Singer, 1994). In this study, the authors investigated the influence of reading purpose (for entertainment or study) on inference generation. Participants read 2 texts aloud and 2 texts for comprehension measures. Reading purpose did not influence off-line behavior (comprehension) but did influence on-line reader behavior (thinking aloud). Readers with a study purpose more often repeated the text, acknowledged a lack of background knowledge, and evaluated the text content and writing than did readers with an entertainment purpose. This pattern was stronger for the expository text than for the narrative text. Reading purpose, and possibly text type, affects the kinds of inferences that readers generate. Hence, inferential activities are at least partially under the reader's strategic control.