The effect of cognitive impairment on self-generation in Hispanics with TBI
Traumatic brain injury
6104.01 Procesos Cognitivos
6106.01 Actividad Cerebral
Fecha de publicación
Reyes Aragón, J.C. de los ; Arango Lasprilla, J.C. [et al.] (2012). The effect of cognitive impairment on self-generation in Hispanics with TBI. NeuroRehabilitation, 30(1) p. 55-64. doi: 10.3233/NRE-2011-0727
[EN] The objective of this study was to determine the moderating effect of cognitive impairment (CI) on the usefulness of the generation effect to improve learning and memory in Hispanics with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Sixty-one Hispanic individuals with TBI (29 without CI, 22 with mild to moderate CI, and 10 with severe CI) and 44 healthy controls (HC) were required to remember the last word in each of 32 sentences. Target words were presented in a self-generated and provided condition. Recall and recognition were examined immediately, after 30minutes, and at one week. Individuals remembered and recalled significantly more words in the generated condition than the provided condition, regardless of group or time. The self-generation technique equally benefitted all participants regardless of TBI status or degree of CI. Future cognitive rehabilitation programs designed to improve short-term recall and recognition in Hispanic individuals with TBI should include the self-generation technique. Further research into the longer-term effects of the generation effects is warranted.
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